kharif crops india
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As of October 30, crops worth nearly Rs 39,710 crore had been grown in the Kharif crop season, ending on November 30, and another Rs 32,400 crore had been planted with the rabi crop.
Indians rely on monsoon for a large portion of their food, providing it an essential buffer in the face of shifting climate and changing weather patterns. The Kharif season, which is considered the most important in the agriculture sector, starts in June and ends in September. The rabi season is from November to January.
The rabi crop, which comes in just four weeks, is the winter rasp, carrot, coriander, mustard, Shikhar, parsley, spinach, and green chilies.
Despite the scenario, the Kharif crops are on track, thanks to a favorable rainfall forecast for the remaining part of the season.
“The rabi crop may not achieve the average progress rate of last year but the rabi crop is of good quality and this is largely due to timely timely rainfall,” agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh said at an interaction on Thursday. “Although we have had less rain in the last two months, this is good for the rabi crop. The kharif crop may not achieve the average progress rate of last year but the rabi crop is of good quality and this is largely due to timely timely timely rainfall,” agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh said at an interaction on Thursday.
While Kharif crops such as paddy, jowar, wheat, and coarse cereals have been grown in almost all parts of the country, a majority of the rabi crops, such as wheat and maize, have been grown in regions of the country that receive lower rainfall.
Of the total agriculture production, about 85% comes from rabi crops, while rabi crops contribute approximately 12% of the Kharif crop production.
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Meanwhile, overall agriculture output has seen a drastic decline since 2014. Due to drought, the overall crop production recorded a decline of 5.9% to 279.1 million tonnes in 2014-15, according to an Economic Review report by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
With the average farm household income of farmers remaining largely stagnant, and the cost of diesel rising, farmers have seen a drastic reduction in income.
“Inflation is directly proportional to the cost of living. A farmer’s income cannot change. The cost of living has increased so much that it has affected the family income. This is a major problem in the agriculture sector.
“We will surely see crops later in January or February and the rabi crop in October,” Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh told reporters in Delhi on Friday.
Last week, Singh said that the agriculture ministry had lowered the official estimates of crop production for the current year to 42.1 million tonnes (mt) from 45mt in the last government’s forecast. The agriculture ministry had estimated crop production.
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When agricultural production exceeds the overall consumption, farmers in India do not have enough to feed the extra mouths. Production of pulses and oilseeds, in particular, has exceeded domestic demand – which is around 30% of the overall crop output – and farmers have harvested only about 55% of their cultivated lands.
This has pushed farmers to borrow heavily and with some being forced to sell their crops at lower prices for lack of a market to absorb the produce. As of March 2017, a 30% decrease in rainfall during Kharif is predicted, which will keep production low and exports low. Low production will push farmers further into debt and could lead to further agrarian protests across the country.
As agricultural production for Kharif (the crucial monsoon months of July-September) will be significantly lower, the government of India has also advised farmers to grow a single crop instead of four. The government hopes this will help stabilize the farm economy.
Kharif: The major part of the Kharif crops are summer crops (pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, soybean, rice, corn, Kharif crops, and cotton), whereas rabi is the winter crop season. While we talk of pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, and corn, these crops comprise more than 60% of the total annual agriculture production.
These major crops constitute more than 80% of the gross food grains produced in the country. Due to various factors, including poor productivity and low farm incomes, farmers have started demanding higher minimum support prices (MSPs) and implementing crop insurance schemes.
Over the past few years, the farming community of India has been demanding the creation of a mandatory farmers’ insurance scheme, which the government has welcomed.
Agricultural commodities were trading lower than November 2017, but now, commodity prices have started to rise. The prices have started to increase as of December 2017. However, when compared with the mid-November 2017 levels, these prices are still relatively low.
Source: ICICI Securities, CARE Ratings
Due to low productivity, a huge production gap is expected over the next few years. The production gap is also expected to increase significantly in the current fiscal (2017-18). This will further worsen the production gaps, which could push prices of major commodities up. Therefore, a commodities scenario can be seen as good for the farmers as commodity prices have increased substantially due to an improved market condition. In 2017-18, c predicted the average farm inflation at 3.25% compared to 3.2% in 2016-17.
But, the prices of most of the commodities are still below the levels seen in the last year, and they are also facing significant downward pressure. The prices of most of the crops are below their respective MSPs. For example, in pulses, the average farm prices have decreased by around 9% (2017-18), whereas the MSPs are 15-20% higher. This should worry farmers who had witnessed low prices of the crop over the past few years. The rabi crops’ price movement is much lower than that of the Kharif crops, which reflects a downtrend.
What will happen to prices?
All major agricultural commodities have been facing challenges in the current year. The production gap for Kharif crops is expected to be around 20%, which will lead to a substantial decline in the prices of most of the agricultural commodities. In the coming years, most commodities’ prices are expected to move up with a substantial upward movement therefore, the
The forecasts for the agricultural commodities are very optimistic as they all predict prices much higher than the current levels. The higher prices are expected to provide a much better bargaining power for farmers as they will negotiate better prices for their crops in the coming years.
Till now, the demand and supply situation has been
After three consecutive years of drought, agriculture is being touted as the biggest growth driver for the economy in the short term. As a result, some of the crops that farmers grow are being improved. For instance, rice is being harvested three months earlier in central Indian areas – thanks to better irrigation.
The government also aims to reduce the income gap between farmers and the middle class and provide cash subsidies. Under the crop insurance scheme, farmers are provided an annual insurance payout of Rs.4 lakh (around $70,000) for two crops. They can then decide which crop to buy the insurance for. Farmers who wish to sell out their crop before the rains come can obtain a
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As India is a country with a rapidly growing population, if farmers cannot recover the costs of production, more people will be unable to buy the agricultural produce that farmers produce. The constant need to increase agricultural production has pushed farmers further into debt, exacerbating the current situation.
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Note 1: c took all crop growth projections in this article at 2006/07 levels. Subsequent estimates were based on 2005/06 crop growth. Earlier estimates were based on 2001/02 crop growth.
Note 2: This article uses the term Kharif crops to refer to the monsoon crops of rice, maize, coarse cereals, sugarcane, and cotton grown from October to March. See the following maps for crop estimates of Kharif crops under the central government (2004–05) and state government (2004/05) programs. Note that the National Agricultural Distribution System uses 2015/16 as the base year. For further details on agricultural reforms, see the Economic Survey 2016-17.
Note 3: Re-based crop projections. Source: India Agriculture Statistics (Agri-Fisheries).
Note 4: Re-based crop projections, with modified farm categories and production based on 2006/07 crop growth. Source: India Agriculture Statistics (Agri-Fisheries).