Contract farming in india
Let me go back to the agri-food complex. Initially, it was planned as an indigenously owned agri-food processing cluster. However, with expansion to another unit with different objectives, indigenization in this sector is at risk. Many states like Punjab, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Odisha have drawn a blank, failing to procure crops from farmers.
The entry of a few large players like Monsanto, Bayer, Syngenta, Dow Chemical, and more recently Syngenta and Bayer CropScience, along with a few new entrants like HT Agri Biotech (India), Bilawal Agro, and BASF, has resulted in deep consolidation of the agri-food processing market, with a majority of players having a combined market share of more than 70%.
The indigenization of the sector will be in jeopardy if we do not ensure farming, supported by contracts. We have contract farming and farmers-to-manufacturers, contract farming, but contract farming only benefits a few companies today. It has not reached farmers. There is a considerable gap in the support structure, apart from a lack of competitiveness.
Contract farming tools
Contractor farming is to be considered a handy tool to provide sustainable and progressive farming and agriculture. However, contract farming needs to be supported by a more transparent and timely contract delivery mechanism to eliminate conflicts. The current contract farming system has no delivery mechanism.
In most contracts, farming rates are below market rates. Farmers often don’t get the required inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and water. There is no improvement in the treatment of soil. Farmers don’t get the information and extension support.
There are increasing instances of crop failure due to late planting, extreme weather, inadequate seed treatment, poor preparation of the soil, lack of knowledge on use of agricultural inputs and some other factors.
So far, farmers-to-manufacturers have benefited only a few companies. The concept of contract farming needs to be reworked. Farmers should be given a reasonable contract to fulfill their requirements. Farming should be supported by a contract delivery mechanism for enhanced farmer-purchasing power, which will act as the backbone for contract farming in the country.
All companies participating in contract farming need to fulfill contract delivery. Farmers should not be pushed to use contract farming to increase production and supply of inputs. As for processing, c should expand the benefits to cover all farmers. This is critical for farmer support, establishing contract farming, and future contracting.
Contracts support development. For example, in the Indian farming and farming support system, contract farming is widely promoted. If we make it difficult to fulfill contracts, farmers will not sign contracts. Contract farming needs support to be successful. Farmers can receive the benefits and manage the risks through contract delivery mechanisms for enhanced farming.
All farmers are not farm contractors. However, many farmers are contract farmers. However, farmers who have grown other crops, like onion, rice, or wheat, and can grow contract-quality vegetables in limited areas such as taluk-level contracts, should be encouraged.
It will be fair to say that crop farmers should be allowed to operate on contract farming, too. Still, where soil conditions are not suitable, farmers should be allowed to grow vegetables in cultivation if the land is available and if it can be financially viable for the farmer.
In this way, farmers should be allowed to grow vegetables in small units at modest rates. These should be in contract with other farmers in the market. It is unlikely that farmers would grow vegetable crops if the market is based only on contract farming.
But farmers are not farmers only because of crops. Farmers are also farmers because of contract farming, which supports their income from both crops and dairy farming and the profits from other areas such as farming and farming support. Farmers who have not contracted farmers, but have grown vegetables, should be encouraged to take up farming in agriculture, as agriculture as a whole.
Farmers with farm irrigation facilities, cattle farms, dairy farms, farms for indigenously produced crops, and land to plant tomatoes, carrots, and tomatoes with an irrigation facility should be encouraged to grow vegetables as crops and not contract farmers.
Farmers need to be supported through contract delivery mechanisms to increase the value of farm produce. Farmers need to be helped in this process, including financially. Farmers’ income needs to be regulated as agricultural prices, as contract farming needs to be supported, and contract farming needs to ensure that farmers receive all the inputs.
Farmers need contracts to get adequate support, and contract farming needs a contract delivery mechanism. Farmers’ income needs to be regulated as contract farming needs contract delivery mechanism. Farmers’ income needs to be regulated as contract farming needs a contract delivery mechanism.
All farmers have not contracted farmers. However, farmers who grow contract crops should be encouraged. Farmers can grow contracts if farmland is available, and c should support contract farming, and contract farming needs a contract delivery mechanism. Farmers growing contracts need support to be successful.
Farmers who have grown onion, green chili, and some other crops need to be supported through contracts, as do farmers growing other crops, such as wheat, barley, paddy, rice, and millets.
Farmers who grow contract crops also need to be supported financially, as many farmers are engaged in contract farming. Still, many have abandoned it because the contracts do not provide sufficient income for sustaining the livelihood to farmers and agricultural workers or farmers with a degree of farming-support services.
Farmers who have taken up farming can start farming on contract farming with other farmers.
The production of contract agriculture needs support from the government to ensure farmers get what they are owed. All farmers have not contracted farmers, but c should support contract farmers to increase their income. C should provide farmers and agricultural workers with an additional benefit because farmers are not merely for profit.
C should support farmers growing contract vegetables financially to increase their income and farming-support services, such as the opportunity to expand into other crops, rather than to provide financial support only to farmers who grow vegetables. Farmers and agricultural workers should be allowed to receive the benefits and manage the risks of growing vegetables.
Since farming depends on water, and the farmers need to ensure that they have sufficient water for their crops, farmers who have taken up farming for contract farming to increase their incomes and farming-support services need adequate water.
Farming on a contract basis needs to have a contract delivery mechanism, and farmers’ income needs to be regulated as farming. Farmers need to be allowed to grow and sell vegetables along with their other crops. Farmers need support to be able to do so, including water.
Farmers need to have water for farming, to get the most from the crops they grow. Farmers are dependent on irrigation from water obtained through canal water, river water, and farm tanks. The farmers need water to grow crops to get the most out of the crop, and farmworkers need water to take care of the crops.
Farmers need support to farm and get the most out of the crop they grow. Farmers need adequate water to farm, as the benefits from the crops they grow can reduce farming-support services. In short, farmworkers and farmers require